The EU-India Climate Change Dialogue and Partnership aims to facilitate and foster cooperation in addressing the climate-change-related challenges that India faces with participation of EU member states and businesses. An embracing narrative for this partnership is “Technology and policy innovation to support the implementation of the NDCs: India/EU experience”. Linking NDC implementation to the key technology needs of both partners, as well as with the relevant policy frameworks to enable the diffusion of innovations is considered as a key pillar of successfully implement the Paris Agreement.
The objective of the conference is to discuss sustainable solutions for the rapidly growing air-conditioning and cold-chain sector in India and to facilitate the linkage between Indian and EU stakeholders within the context of UNFCCC and the Montreal Protocol.
i) From individual household solutions to district cooling
With the signing of the historic Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, around 200 countries have decided to phase out the use of HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons), over the next 30 years. India also agreed to cut the production and use of HFCs starting 2028 and will reduce 75% of its cumulative HFC emissions between 2015 and 2050, under the new agreement. The biggest share of HFC emissions will be by the residential and commercial cooling sectors (~35 % and ~28% respectively in 2050), followed by mobile air-conditioning in cars (~15%) and commercial refrigeration (14%).
Relevance of the Conference for Indian stakeholders:
- Inform policy-makers (Ozone Units, Climate and Energy Department) about relevance and links between the cooling sector and its competences (e.g. NDC, NAMA development, climate finance); and about the potential of energy efficiency solutions related to the cooling sector to provide a good understanding for assessing related investments;
- Illustrate best practices such as HPMP, IKI project on Godrej R20 split air conditioning production + EU and other country examples;
- Facilitate exchange between policy makers and RAC industries on technology pathways & standards and establish relationships between project / housing developers, funders and financiers on specific projects.
ii) Cold Chains
Post-harvest losses oftentimes accounts for up to 50% of the total harvest due to inadequate storage and transport. Only 10% of the world’s perishable foodstuffs are contemporarily being refrigerated post-harvest. By improving access to refrigeration in India, spoilage of up to 40% of perishable foods could be prevented.
Relevance of workshop for Indian stakeholders:
- Build-up and improvement of climate-friendly and energy-efficient food cold chains with the expected outcome that such intervention will lead to increased food security and safety.
- Best practice examples: transport refrigeration in South Africa, sustainable fish cold stores in Kenya, solar powered refrigerators in Swaziland, cooling cabinets running on the natural refrigerant propane in supermarkets in South Africa.
- Integrate cold chain management into the policy framework of India to include it for example in NAMA development processes in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector.
- Discuss potential piloting of green solutions for cold chain management including their economic feasibility and climate change mitigation potential.
- Discuss trainings needs and capacity building measures for different stakeholders (i.e. politician, technicians, farmers, technology providers).