Inputs including environment, social and economic aspects, outputs and waste to energy are the three key components of the waste sector; said Prof K VijayRaghavan at the CII International Conference on PPP Model for Waste to Worth Projects. He mentioned that tragedy of the commons is the fundamental challenge affecting waste sector and all stakeholders need to work together to implement solutions. He further pointed out that PPP model requires clear documentation. Prof VijayRaghavan stated that through science and technology, the mechanism is to take available technologies, implement them beyond pilot scale and work through PPP models. He cited several successful examples of adoption of local and global technologies such as the 2G ethanol plant of the DBT-ICT center, Barapullah Drain project of DBT and NWO, the Netherlands Science Agency and Stubble Burning technology project with Sweden. He advised that multiple cities should be taken and get scientific inputs, and best technologies to address the problems and get a proof of principle.
Mr Tsukasa Akimoto, State Minister of the Environment, Government of Japan, said that during the visit of Shri Narendra Modi to Japan in October this year, both the countries agreed to strengthen the cooperation in environment field including waste management under the Japan- India Special Strategic and Global partnership. Also, a Memorandum of Cooperation was jointly signed between the Environment Ministries of both the countries in the field of Environmental cooperation. He emphasized that Japan would like to support the clean India initiative through Japanese technology- Johkasou. He stated that installation of waste to energy technologies can help India to realize sanitary and comfortable lives and some of the top waste to energy plant manufacturers of Japan possessing advanced technologies and abundant experience are present here today and look forward to collaboration with Indian partners.
Shri C K Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, stated that the three major players of the sector i.e. Government, Industry and Community need to devise the easiest and the best solutions for the waste management. There is a need to understand the enormity of the problems associated with waste which extend beyond environmental and health hazards. He further highlighted the efforts of government such as Swatch Bharat, Plastic rules and doing away with plastics by 2022. He strongly mentioned that the problems need to be articulated jointly on a common platform with an articulation of a workable solution. One important thing that would make PPP models work is clarity, particularly clarity from the beginning. He mentioned that rules/ acts must be seen as an enabler and are subject to changes if justifiably needed.
Mr Kenji Hiramatsu, Ambassador of Japan to India, stated that the relationship between India and Japan has been deeply expanding in many areas including the economy, politics, and security and human interactions and will continue to deepen in the environmental field. He pointed out the significant role played by Japanese technologies in the recovery process of Japan from pollution related diseases prevalent in 1960s. He appreciate the Clean India Initiative and its steady progress. Various technologies from Japan are already being employed in India such as the Waste Incinerator of Hitachi Zosen (Hitz), which is now in the process of installing three new waste to energy plants in Andhra Pradesh. Japan has been providing support to India in the field of sanitation through soft loans to advance the Clean Ganga and Clean India Missions. He further mentioned that several Japanese private companies like LIXIL are working in sync with Indian government efforts towards an improved sanitary environment in India.
Mr Mahesh Babu, Chairman, CII National Task Force on Waste to Worth with although excellent rules and guidelines are in place for waste management companies, the speed of scale up to process the huge amount of waste is not in place. He mentioned that there is a need to find ways for adoption of global technologies to suit Indian needs. He further mentioned that in some cases, political will has led to success stories such as Indore. He expressed the need to integrate decentralized and centralized models as well as responsible bidding in waste management projects. He also appreciated the efforts of CII towards developing a typical RFP model.
Mr Naveen Kumar Agarwal, Director (SBM), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs mentioned that in India, an estimated 62 million tons of municipal solid waste is generated annually and the country is set to generate thrice this amount that is 165 million tons by 2030 and 436 million tons by 2050. He stated that India has formally embarked on the Swatch Bharat Mission launched by Shri Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014. He stated that in SWM, while the percentage of processing has been going up gradually, certain challenges continue to persist such as segregation of waste at source, compliance by bulk waste generators to SWM rules and financially feasible and bankable model of collection, transport and processing. He also highlighted the multipronged approaches and policy interventions adopted including market development assistance, mandating purchase of power at predetermined tariff; and optimum RDF utilization. The Plastic Waste Management rules 2016 encourages use of plastic waste for road construction. He also mentioned that government initiatives like Swachh Survekshan aims to foster healthy competition. While the first round of survey covered 73 cities, second round covered 434 cities, the third round has covered all cities of India, a total of 4,203, covering a population of 40 crores, with Indore, Bhopal and Chandigarh emerging as top 3 cleanest cities, which can be attributed to their good segregation models. Swachh Survekshan 2019, launched on 13 Aug 2018 will cover all ULBs in the country. Ministry has also launched a very innovative initiative Star Rating Protocol, based on 12 parameters that follows a SMART framework. In the last 4 years, there has been unprecedented development in infrastructure in waste sector, however the investment of private sector remain subdued. He emphasized that greater participation of private sector with focus on technology, innovation, capacity building, service coverage, delivery efficiency, business model development and financing is expected. In the coming months, the mission activities will be accelerating with more ULBs formalizing their solid waste management systems.
Mr Goutham Reddy, Managing Director, Ramky Enviro stated that the waste sector is in its infancy and highlighted various issues plaguing the development such as yields from composting, RDF, waste to energy emmissions, heat value, debris, lack of commercial willingness, concessional agreements,, legal frameworks and techno-commercial viability of the projects. He stated that there is a need to structure a right PPP contract model to ensure holistic solutions.
In his Welcome Address, Mr Saurabh Shah, Conference Chairman and Vice President, Environment and Biotech Business, Excel Industries Ltd. stated that vision of clean India and Swatch Bharat is disease free cities with zero land fill. He stated that swatch bharat has created a strong impact since its launch through various initiatives like wasste management rules 2016 and its serious implementation by centre and state, market development assistance, power purchase agreements, annual cleanliness survey have created positive impact and has led to complete transformation of many cities like Indore and Mysore. He also pointed the need for project implementation at a large scale, uniform tendering process, better bankeability models and all round participation of private sector to overcome challenges in the waste industry.
30 November 2018